BiznesAlert EN http://biznesalert.com ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE ENVIRONMENT Wed, 16 Jan 2019 09:00:36 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.9.9 Winter surprised the builders of Nord Stream 2 http://biznesalert.com/baltic-sea-storms-winter-nord-stream-2/ http://biznesalert.com/baltic-sea-storms-winter-nord-stream-2/#respond Wed, 16 Jan 2019 09:00:36 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2870 If weather and other conditions do not improve, it is doubtful that both Nord Stream 2 threads will become operative until the end of 2019 – writes Mariusz Marszałkowski, a colleague at BiznesAlert.pl. Winter on the construction site of Nord Stream 2 The winter weather is taking its toll to each of us. When it’s […]

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If weather and other conditions do not improve, it is doubtful that both Nord Stream 2 threads will become operative until the end of 2019 – writes Mariusz Marszałkowski, a colleague at BiznesAlert.pl.

Winter on the construction site of Nord Stream 2

The winter weather is taking its toll to each of us. When it’s snowing, there are problems for snow-clearing roadmakers and energy workers working on restoring energy supplies to homes that have suffered as a result of power lines broken under the weight of snow. Public transport drivers also face difficulties, as they have to use roads forgotten by road builders. Winter often surprises services responsible for maintaining proper road conditions. An unpleasant aura of is a problem also for the average Kowalski, who after the night’s turmoil is forced to clear the sidewalk of the snow in front of his home or the driveway to the garage. When refrigerators or other basic household appliances refuse to obey next hours or consecutive days, discomfort is also burdened with waiting at home for the resumption of power supplies.

The situation is similar in the Baltic Sea. However, “winter” statistically starts here much sooner because its first symptoms appear at the end of October. In the case of the sea, the problem is not snow drifts, broken power lines, or the temperature falling well below 0 ° C. Winter in the Baltic means visibility, heavy rainfall or snowfall, glaciation of some parts of the basin and storms limited by dense fog. It is the latter that pose the greatest threat to offshore shipping, fishing and construction work on various installations of the offshore segment.

Storms are a weather phenomenon that occurs throughout the Baltic Sea year-round. Most often they appear between November and March, when low-pressure systems move on different tracks. In the case of the Baltic Sea, this movement usually takes place from the west to the east. However, not every wind at sea is the same as a storm. According to the commonly accepted definition of metrological services in Poland, in order to talk about a storm, the wind speed must exceed at least 17,2 m/s and persist for at least one hour.

However, is only the storm causing problems? No. For the construction of an installation such as the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, the problem is also the wind, the speed of which does not meet such requirements to classify it as a storm. Problems posed by such winds result from the hardware and logistic specifications of the constructed installation.

Pipe-Layer-Vessel PLV units use remotely operated vehicles (Remotely Operated underwater Vehicles ROV) on their equipment during operation. They are used to monitor the state of joints between individual pipes, to assess whether pipes are arranged in accordance with the planned route and whether they need to be adjusted and also to detect direct hazards to the pipeline being built. ROV also remain indispensable for the Abandonnment and Recovery (A/R) procedure, i.e. in the case of interruption of work on a given section (eg changing the unit used for laying, bad weather conditions or a major failure), a special plug is mounted on the pipeline tip to allow the pipe to be lowered bottom, as well as the subsequent extraction of pipes using a specialized crane. In this way, the extracted pipes are placed on the so-called Stinger, i.e. a ramp installed on the decking unit, whose task is to safely leave the connected pipe sections back to the bottom during further work.

Industrial ROV systems used in the construction work of offshore installations are mostly adapted to work in weather conditions in which the wind does not exceed 15 m/s, and the wave height is not greater than 2 m. For the safety of ROV operation, the latter is particularly important value, because waves of higher altitude can cause emergency situations in which the vehicle may be damaged, and there is even a high probability that the cable connecting the ship to the vehicle will break, which consequently means the loss of very valuable equipment. In addition, controlling the vehicle underwater under such conditions is much more difficult, which requires a lot of precision of the operator and a suitably equipped vessel. More and more popular, especially in ships operating in the area of ​​the Norwegian Sea, is the use of special compensators mounted on cranes, designed to control the underwater vehicle in waves exceeding 3 meters.

The wonderful eleven

Another very important hindrance resulting from strong winds and high waves are logistic operations performed by the so-called Pipe Supply Vessels (PSV), ie units that supply pipes and other required supplies from one of the four logistics centers designated for the NS2 project (Mukran in Germany, Karlshamn in Sweden, Kovehar and Kotka in Finland) on board of PLV units. In accordance with the current state (they are chartered for a specific period of time, the presence of a given unit may be related to the current demand for a specific number of such vessels) PSV functions for the NS2 project are 11 entities owned by 6 entities:

Normand Naley

Sea Supra

Solstad Offshore

Standard Princess

Standard Provider

Standard Supplier

Fletcher Group

Havila Crusader

Havila Shipping

Solvik Supplier

Vestland Offshore

Symphony Provider

Symphony Performer

Symphony Shipping

Alegria

Fortress

Allseas

All of these units work 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to successfully and without interruptions deliver between 80 and 120, 12-meter pipes to the decking units of pipelines. After loading the load on the deck (which takes about 5 hours) they go to the construction area, then using the horizontal propulsors, the side boards are positioned with the PLV unit, which draws the pipe to the deck using special cranes. Unloading takes between 5 and 7 hours, which requires a long time to stay on the parallel course, at a constant speed in relation to the building unit. In the case of logistic units, wind force above 15 m/s makes it difficult to maintain the appropriate course and speed relative to the PLV unit. In contrast, when the wind speed exceeds 20 m/s, it becomes dangerous for both units, which results in the suspension of pipe delivery until the aura calms down enough to make it safe to move the cargo from logistic units to the unit responsible for laying the pipeline.

Storms

So far, due to the strong storm, the works required to be stopped at least 3 times on the German section (the Greifswalder Bay area) in which Castoro Dieci (C10) and Audacia operated. The interval was each time between 48 and 72 hours for both types of units. Work on the Finnish section was halted twice, where the breaks were between 30 and 80 hours and concerned Solitaire and Pioneering Spirit units. The last example of a strong storm stopping both units was the New Year’s storm with a strength of up to 10 degrees on the Beaufort scale. It touched the area from the waters of the Gulf of Finland to the southern areas of the island of Bornholm. It lasted from December 31, 2012 to January 3, 2019.

The break resulting from unfavorable weather was, however, much more, but not all resulted in a complete suspension of work, but only a temporary stoppage of laying the gas pipeline. It has been observed that such breaks usually last between two and five hours.

Estimating, due to the suspension of work because of weather conditions, Nord Stream 2 has been halted for at least several hundreds hours, and even one-third of the length of the gas pipeline has not yet been arranged (information provided by NS2 AG regarding the arrangement of approximately 400 km of pipeline for “A” thread and “B” thread, not just one of them). Precise determination of the number of “lost” man-hours is not possible due to the lack of such information provided by the investor. This remains understandable, because it would show the real scale of delays and losses related to this. The weather is also a problem for the rotation of crews of PLVs taking place using helicopters once every two weeks.

These breaks have not only a negative impact on the chances of completing the plan, so that both Nord Stream 2 threads will be handed over until the end of this year, but also raise the cost of the project itself. Every day of stopping work brings several hundred thousand euros of losses.

It is possible to calculate this on the basis of the level of fuel consumed by the units involved in the construction (11 PSV units, 2 PLV units, 2 Offshore Construction Vessel units – that is, units supporting directly PLV units in construction eg testing the seabed or laying special concrete mattresses in places NS2 intersections with other undersea installations) and costs of charter of PSV units as only two vessels transporting pipes are the property of the main contractor of the project, Allseas, while the remaining 9 require charter for a specified period. Contract values ​​are not made public, but on the basis of data presented by brokers, the spot costs of charters vary between 7 and 11 thousand euros per day. It is impossible to calculate other costs such as equipment consumption, supply of spare parts, compensation of crews (a total of over 1 200 people) meals or port fees, as these data are not usually given and may vary depending on the season, port or current construction site.

Due to its size, relatively shallow and closed Baltic Sea is often called contemptuous by malicious and unaware “ponds”. The Baltic Sea, however, remains an extremely heavy reservoir due to the high ship traffic, severe and unpredictable weather, an uneven bottom, and many explosives and chemical munitions sunk after the Second World War. It remains a difficult reservoir for both shipping and constructors of all offshore projects, as the Nord Stream 2 investor is now also experiencing.

Not without reason, therefore, the original schedules provided for the start of construction works on the Danish-Swedish section for the second quarter of 2018. Unfortunately, for Nord Stream 2 AG, waiting for a construction permit by Denmark resulted in a forced adjustment of the schedule and a change of the initial construction site. The aftermath of this is the necessity to conduct construction works on the open Baltic Sea in the season that is least suited to this.

The delay remains on the horizon

So what are the forecasts for the construction of Nord Stream 2 in 2019?

If the composition of PLV units involved in the construction does not change, it is doubtful that both threads A and B will be operatively used until the end of 2019. The construction unit should be joined by the MRTS Fortuna unit, which is responsible for the construction of a 26 km gas pipeline in the Russian shelf waters. The commencement of works on this episode was dated December 2018, but this did not happen.

With an optimistic assumption of an average construction rate of 8,4 km per day for both units – Solitaire and Pioneering Spirit, the location of the remaining approx. 2,000 km of both strands of Nord Stream will take about 250 days. However, this value will also be difficult to achieve given the random situations such as bad weather conditions or unexpected and serious failures, as well as the planned withdrawal of Pioneering Spirit units in the spring of 2019 beyond the Baltic Sea.
The withdrawal of the unit is related to its commitment to the installation of two drilling platforms in the Johan Sverdrup oil field in the North Sea.

According to estimates, the stop of work for this ship may be at least 3 weeks, which will have a significant impact on the construction of the remaining Nord Stream 2 sections. It is also worth to follow the construction progress at Nord Stream 2 in the context of the positive environmental approval issued by the Mining Office in Stralsund regarding among others AWTI (Above water tie in) connections. The AWTI method is based on combining two separate sections of pipelines with a special barge that lifts both sections above the surface of the water, where it aligns them and welds together. Connections in the German zone are planned on kilometer sections of 10 KP – 17 KP (at the border of the German EEZ). Carrying out connections in accordance with the issued permit is only allowed between 15.05 and 31.10, which means that the window for the possibility of connecting pipes between the German and Danish zones lasts only slightly over 5 months.

If the Danish authorities refrain from issuing a decision on the permit to carry out the pipeline through their territorial waters, or alternatively, through the Danish EEZ to at least August, it may mean that the entire investment can not be completed by the end of this year.

The mere approval of the construction by the Danish authorities does not automatically mean the possibility of starting work on the Danish section. This stage requires a series of pre-pipe operations, such as exploring the gas pipeline route or rock placement to stabilize the places through which the pipeline will run. The success of Nord Stream 2 in 2019 depends on the decision of the Danish government, environmental approvals and… weather.

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Polish Briefing: The European Parliament has the capacity to accelerate the gas directive http://biznesalert.com/gas-directive-poland-energy-strategy/ http://biznesalert.com/gas-directive-poland-energy-strategy/#respond Wed, 16 Jan 2019 08:00:56 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2867 What goes on in Poland on the 16th of January. Kuźmiuk: The European Parliament has the capacity to accelerate the gas directive Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Member of the European Parliament from Law and Justice, explains how speeding up the work on the gas directive can affect the Nord Stream 2 project. – The fact that the […]

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What goes on in Poland on the 16th of January.

Kuźmiuk: The European Parliament has the capacity to accelerate the gas directive

Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Member of the European Parliament from Law and Justice, explains how speeding up the work on the gas directive can affect the Nord Stream 2 project.

– The fact that the Romanian Presidency wants to accelerate the work on the gas directive is a big merit of our diplomacy, for a long time we “lobbied” with Romanians to make it happen. There is a chance that the “Romanian proposals” in this matter will be accepted in the EP, because despite the significant position of the Germans and other countries interested in the implementation of Nord Stream 2, the majority of opponents of this investment are in the Parliament – reminds the MP.

– Parliament will seem to have “spare capacity” because the work on the budget for 2021-2027 has stopped (it will be adopted at the earliest this autumn), and therefore a possible agreement on the trilogue of the Commission, Council and Parliament can be accepted on one from two EP sessions in March or last in April this year – says interviewee of BiznesAlert.pl.

The revision of the gas directive may lead to the subordination of Nord Stream 2 to EU law. If it becomes necessary to adapt the project to the regulations, it may be delayed. If it was not adjusted to the law, it could be blocked. A possible agreement in this matter would have to be accepted by the European Commission.

The draft National Plan for Energy and Climate in consultations

The Minister of Energy informed about the start of consultations on the draft National Plan for Energy and Climate (KPEiK). The document is to be adopted by the end of 2019. – I would like to kindly inform you that the public consultation process of the draft National Plan for Energy and Climate for 2021-2030 (KPEiK) has been launched.

The Ministry of Energy reminds that KPEiK arises under the obligation imposed on EU Member States and work on the National Plan for Energy and Climate is also going on. The document will present Poland’s actions undertaken to implement the 5 dimensions of the Energy Union, i.e. (1) energy security, (2) decarbonisation of the economy, (3) energy efficiency, (4) integrated energy market and (5) innovation. Due to its scope and content, the document will largely coincide with the scope of energy policy. The preparation of the Plan results from a draft regulation of the European Parliament and the Council on the management of the Energy Union.

– The document consists of three parts – strategic one and two attachments of an analytical nature. The first part – Assumptions and goals as well as policies and activities – contains, among others, goals for 2030 constituting a national contribution to the implementation of EU climate and energy goals in the field of CO2 emission reduction, development of renewable energy sources and improvement of energy efficiency. The document also indicates the policies and activities that are to lead to the achievement of the set priorities. Another element is Annex 1. Current situation and forecasts with existing policies and measures – it contains an analysis of the impact of already existing policies and measures (implemented by the end of 2017), i.e. Reference Scenario (ODN). The third part of the National Plan is Annex 2. The assessment of the effects of planned policies and measures – constituting the so-called Scenario of the Climate and Energy Policy (PEK) in the perspective of 2030, which was based on the conclusions of the analysis of the impact of the planned policies and activities – explains Minister Tchórzewski.

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Lotos and Microsoft: Fuel and engine for digital growth http://biznesalert.com/lotos-microsoft-agreement-ai/ http://biznesalert.com/lotos-microsoft-agreement-ai/#respond Tue, 15 Jan 2019 10:00:54 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2861 Grupa LOTOS and Microsoft have signed an agreement paving the way for the development of joint projects and solutions based on artificial intelligence and state-of-the-art information technology. Their collaborative partnership will commence with the establishment of the Competence Centre for Artificial Intelligence, Digital Innovation and Advanced Data Analytics. The expected synergy gains from up-to-date technology […]

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Grupa LOTOS and Microsoft have signed an agreement paving the way for the development of joint projects and solutions based on artificial intelligence and state-of-the-art information technology. Their collaborative partnership will commence with the establishment of the Competence Centre for Artificial Intelligence, Digital Innovation and Advanced Data Analytics. The expected synergy gains from up-to-date technology solutions are estimated to exceed EUR 10m.

‘For Grupa LOTOS, Industry 4.0 is not another industrial revolution but a fuel for a well-planned digital evolution. The achievements of Industrial Internet of Things (IIOT) include technologies and solutions that have been used by refiners for more than a decade,’ says Jarosław Kawula, Vice President of the Management Board of Grupa LOTOS S.A. ‘In the near future, we will be particularly interested in projects related to advanced data analytics, including big data mining based on cloud computing. We are also keeping a close eye on other areas of digitalisation related to robotisation, deeper automation and autonomation, digitalisation of manufacturing processes, integration of infrastructure and data in production management, artificial intelligence, virtual and augmented reality,’ added Mr Kawula.

Readiness to develop and embrace innovation, including digital innovation, is one of the five pillars of Grupa LOTOS business strategy until 2022. For over a decade, Grupa LOTOS has been ranked among Europe’s most advanced and innovative refiners, which is why it attaches great importance to implementing new solutions and services that could help it consolidate its competitive position in the near future and deliver quality products and services to customers.

‘The Competence Centre for Artificial Intelligence, Digital Innovation and Advanced Data Analytics will offer Grupa LOTOS a real opportunity to deliver significant cost savings with the human resources and tools it already has. The employees dedicated to this pilot programme will first attend a series of training courses and workshops to be able to relatively quickly and fully harness the potential of artificial intelligence to optimise production processes, particularly to further increase the profitability of crude oil refining in selected process units, improve the efficiency of the entire supply chain and advance service personalisation for customers. The identified gains from synergies offered by state-of-the-art technology solutions and expertise of Grupa LOTOS S.A. employees are expected to exceed EUR 10m and will save approximately 20,000 man-hours,’ says Marcin Hynek, Project Manager at Grupa LOTOS S.A.’s AI Competence Centre.

The overriding objective of pursuing joint initiatives and projects is to digitally transform Grupa LOTOS S.A. and to better prepare it for the fast-changing business environment. The purpose of the agreement is to develop solutions and improvements based on the recent technology advances in Industrial Internet of Things, Big Data, advanced analytics, machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) that could be used in scenarios and projects meeting the specific requirements of the downstream petroleum industry.

‘Supporting companies on their way towards digital transition in highly specialised sectors like the downstream oil industry requires more than just knowledge. The key to success are collaborative partnerships and resulting action plans,’ adds Magda Taczanowska, member of the Management Board of Microsoft Poland, responsible for the Enterprise segment. ‘With its approach to adopting the latest trends and technologies Grupa LOTOS is blazing a trail for the entire industry, not only in Poland, but also in the region. I am positive that this mindset will accelerate Grupa LOTOS’s digital transformation in the target business areas, while the implemented improvements and solutions will help the organisation to build a new digital culture,’ saidMs Taczanowska.

Lotos

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Bando: The law on energy prices needs an urgent amendment http://biznesalert.com/bando-powerpol-energy-prices/ http://biznesalert.com/bando-powerpol-energy-prices/#respond Tue, 15 Jan 2019 09:00:21 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2863 The President of the Energy Regulatory Office Maciej Bando took part in the 19th National Energy and Heating Congress POWERPOL 2019. He appealed for an urgent amendment to the Act intervening in energy prices. – Capitalism – yes, the market – no. Last year’s law is a good illustration of this slogan – he referred […]

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The President of the Energy Regulatory Office Maciej Bando took part in the 19th National Energy and Heating Congress POWERPOL 2019. He appealed for an urgent amendment to the Act intervening in energy prices.

– Capitalism – yes, the market – no. Last year’s law is a good illustration of this slogan – he referred to the law on interference in energy prices. – It is constantly said that the law will be limited in time, but it still means that we forgot about the market. In capitalism, the role of the state in the market is defined in various ways, but it is not planned to destroy it. It was such a measure to limit the price increase. Sometimes a step too far means the total loss of many years of building a free market economy in Poland. Despite the fact that the goal is noble, it fits into the global trend of achieving political goals at the expense of the economy. The only fight against populism is education, not denying facts.

– The increase in coal prices and CO2 emission rights is the reason for the increase in energy prices. A month ago, the Energy Regulatory Office published an analysis which showed that market factors also existed in addition to the fundamental factors. This shows where the intervention of the state should occur, and where it should not. The example of activities around energy prices raises concern not only of the Energy Regulatory Office, but also of the European Commission. The Polish law clearly shows who is responsible for the price level and tariff. Big confusion and uncertainty on the market have been introduced, this is the worst example of state action. Such a law is harmful to all of us – it is an example of administrative malfunction and causes anxiety among consumers and in the energy sector. Without stable law it is difficult to function normally – warned Bando.

– We take the position that the law requires amendment. We do not see the possibility of regulating the market or performing our duties to achieve the goal of balancing. The law is so far contrary to other files that it leads to disputes about interpretation. The law should be clear and show all its addressees where they belong – concluded the president.

– Electrical power engineering and distribution networks require investment and investment, we should not stop them. These are elements of a certain chain, as consumers of energy, we can not tolerate the backwardness of the distribution network in Poland. The indicators show that we are at one of the last places in Europe when it comes to power continuity. We will not avoid discussions that energy will be more expensive. The cogeneration fee will soon come into force. Our accounts will also include approximately PLN 150 annually from the power market title. You can not be silent about it – he warned.

– The price of RES at PLN 240 means that we are just before reaching the point at which renewable sources will be competitive against conventional ones. Within 2-3 years these prices will be evened out. It should be noted that PEP shows future state actions under various forms of support. This shows how the state will see Polish energy – said the president of the Energy Regulatory Office.

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Polish Briefing: Offshore and nuclear will remain in the energy strategy http://biznesalert.com/naimski-powerpol-offshore-nuclear/ http://biznesalert.com/naimski-powerpol-offshore-nuclear/#respond Tue, 15 Jan 2019 08:00:17 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2859 What goes on in Poland on the 15th of January. Naimski: CO2 emission prices are unpredictable The government plenipotentiary for strategic energy infrastructure Piotr Naimski took part in the 19th National Power and Heating Congress POWERPOL under the patronage of BiznesAlert.pl. He spoke about trends influencing the shape of energy strategy, in which there will […]

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What goes on in Poland on the 15th of January.

Naimski: CO2 emission prices are unpredictable

The government plenipotentiary for strategic energy infrastructure Piotr Naimski took part in the 19th National Power and Heating Congress POWERPOL under the patronage of BiznesAlert.pl. He spoke about trends influencing the shape of energy strategy, in which there will be space for atom and offshore.

– Some of these trends are simply independent from us – the minister warned. He started with the emission of carbon dioxide from the energy industry. – We look at it more often from the energy side. On this side, the pursuit of reduction of carbon dioxide emissions on a global scale is actually a measure perceived by the energy sector as a heavy tax – said the guest of the conference. – It causes an increase in energy prices for recipients.

– The final document from the climate summit did not include a provision that would open the way to the transfer of the European emissions trading system to the global level. This means for the European economy that its non-competitive attitude to other world economies will deepen, because it will be charged with coal tax – said Naimski. – Striving for the rest of the world’s economies to be burdened with it has not been successful yet.

– Prices for carbon dioxide emissions are difficult to predict. If we have a price increase of 400, 500 percent in a short time, it means that it is difficult to predict. In general, we are dealing with competition from two sectors of the economy in the field of energy: renewable sources and those who consume a lot of energy. The game of interests between these sectors will depend on the result of the EU climate policy in the area of ​​energy prices

RES, LNG and energy storage

– The LNG market trend is global. Liquefied gas is increasingly commodity and is comparable to oil and coal. From the point of view, this is a very favorable trend, because we have a gas terminal in Świnoujście and we are expanding it, we have reliable suppliers of this raw material and, in addition, at prices that are becoming more and more global – said Naimski.

In his opinion, another trend is the development of the energy storage. – In this area, we should even be ahead of our opportunities to participate. The revolution in the sector will come from energy storage. If we are able to build them at a price that will provide comfort for companies using this energy, then it will be a moment when renewable energy sources will be widely used and available – said the Minister.

The Minister also announced the adoption of a new energy strategy after consultations lasting until January 15. – It will be the basis for the energy security policy for our country. In this sense, the balance between a traditional source of energy, such as coal and zero-emission sources, on the one hand will ensure safety, and on the other will fit into the CO2 emission standards that are the result of the trend that I mentioned. This policy will provide space for energy from the wind, above all at sea and for nuclear energy. A year ahead of us will be a period of specifying these projects.
– There is no point mixing the problem of air pollution with climate policy. Smog is not carbon dioxide, CO2 is not poisonous – stressed the minister. – What comes out of the chimneys of the power plant is steam vapor, not any toxic gases. Let us not scare ourselves – he appealed.

In his opinion, the development of electromobility that would reduce the emission of air pollutants will also depend on energy storage technologies.

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PKN Orlen a step closer to building an offshore wind farm in the Baltic Sea http://biznesalert.com/pkn-orlen-offshore-wind-farm-baltic-sea/ http://biznesalert.com/pkn-orlen-offshore-wind-farm-baltic-sea/#respond Mon, 14 Jan 2019 10:00:29 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2855 ​An Orlen Group company Baltic Power is about to commence surveys to assess the environmental impacts and wind conditions within its off-shore wind farm licence area in the Baltic Sea. To that end, an agreement was signed with a consortium comprising MEWO S.A. and the Maritime Institute of Gdańsk, with a view to obtaining an […]

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​An Orlen Group company Baltic Power is about to commence surveys to assess the environmental impacts and wind conditions within its off-shore wind farm licence area in the Baltic Sea. To that end, an agreement was signed with a consortium comprising MEWO S.A. and the Maritime Institute of Gdańsk, with a view to obtaining an environmental permit for the project and determining the production potential of the planned off-shore wind farm.

Renewable energy sources will continue to gain prominence, and we cannot afford to miss out on this opportunity for sustainable development. Therefore, we made low-emission energy generation a priority in our updated strategy. ‘The agreement to conduct environmental and wind surveys is another step in our preparations for the construction of an off-shore wind project in the Baltic Sea,’ says Daniel Obajtek, President of the PKN Orlen Management Board.

Already in May 2018 PKN Orlen assembled a team of specialists to prepare and implement a project to develop a concept design for an off-shore wind farm to be built in the Baltic Sea. The project’s total capacity may reach as much as 1,200 MW.

Preparations for the construction of off-shore wind farms are among PKN Orlen’s strategic development directions for the coming years. The company is Poland’s fourth-largest electricity producer and its assets, including the two CCGT units in Płock and Włocławek, would be a good backup power source for the wind farms in case of power shortages.

PKN Orlen

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The Romanian relief. The whip on Nord Stream 2 returns http://biznesalert.com/romania-presidency-nord-stream-2/ http://biznesalert.com/romania-presidency-nord-stream-2/#respond Mon, 14 Jan 2019 09:00:35 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2857 Just last Thursday, the Poles celebrated the inauguration of the Romanian Presidency of the Council of the European Union, and now Romania is accelerating work on the revision of the Gas Directive. This is a chance to delay or block Nord Stream 2 – writes Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl. Acceleration of the directive The […]

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Just last Thursday, the Poles celebrated the inauguration of the Romanian Presidency of the Council of the European Union, and now Romania is accelerating work on the revision of the Gas Directive. This is a chance to delay or block Nord Stream 2 – writes Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl.

Acceleration of the directive

The Romanian Presidency, which began its work with the New Year, forwarded the draft gas directive to the work of experts of the Council of the European Union, which will deal with it on January 15.

The revision of the Gas Directive may result in the submission of the disputed Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project to European law, and, consequently, delay or block its construction. The critics of the new gas pipeline from Russia to Germany, like Poland, count on it. So far, the project has been waiting in the drawer of the Austrian Presidency. It should be recalled that the Austrian OMV is the financial partner of Nord Stream 2 AG, which is one hundred percent owned by Gazprom from Russia.

Romanian trace in the directive

The Romanians revised the revision proposal as suggested by the discussions with the experts and ambassadors of the European Union. The changes relate to the negotiation of agreements regarding matters subordinated to the Directive. This means that Romania has enriched the project with provisions specifying how to negotiate a possible agreement on the implementation of EU law regarding the contested Nord Stream 2.

Article 49a introduced by Romanians would require Member States to ask the European Commission for permission to start negotiations with a third state to amend existing agreements on mergers with such a country in matters covered by the regulations of the directive. This means that possible talks between Germany and Russia about Nord Stream 2 would have to be authorized by the Commission.

Brussels could refuse the authorization if the negotiations or the proposed agreement were in conflict with EU law, would harm the operation of the internal gas market, competition or security of supply, or undermine the objectives of ongoing intergovernmental negotiations with the European Union and a third state. This means that possible negotiations of the European Commission with the Russian Federation on the implementation of EU law with respect to Nord Stream 2 would define the field of action for bilateral negotiations, and Germany would not be able to accept findings contrary to the interests of the European Union.

The draft updated by the current Presidency assumes that the Commission would have to take a decision within 90 days after receiving a request from a Member State. In case of consent, it would provide it with guidelines for negotiations, including the recommendation of clauses that would make the arrangement compatible with EU law. The Member State would have to keep the Commission updated throughout the negotiations.

The Romanians have also changed the definition of the interconnector, so that it means a connection between Member States to connect the transmission systems of these countries or link the Member State with a third state to the border of the territory of the European Union. This means that the law would cover the Nord Stream 2 section to the border of that territory, and not, for example, only on land. In addition, according to the proposal, transmission system operators could conclude agreements with operators from third states to use gas connections only in accordance with EU law. This would make Gazprom’s activities more difficult, which raises concerns about the abuse of European infrastructure, because it maximizes the use of Nord Stream branches.

Make it until spring

The text will be discussed on January 15. After an agreement in the Council of the European Union, it could reach the trilogue with the participation of the European Parliament. Time for action is limited by the April EP elections. To make this possible, an agreement should be reached around February. Then Parliament would have time to approve the project before the final session scheduled for April 18, 2019. The next Parliament would deal with the topic at the earliest in the second half of 2019. This is the key compartment from the point of view of the Nord Stream 2 project, which is expected to be completed by the end of this year, and the revised directive should cover only new investments.

Poles have had important hopes with the Romanian Presidency, which shares the concerns of Poland and other critics with regard to the Nord Stream 2 project. Revision of the gas directive that would lead to negotiations on how to implement EU law regarding the gas pipeline could delay the project if agreement and need to adapt it to EU regulations, or even blockages, if the fruit of negotiations between the EC and the Russian Federation are rejected.

Romanians’ proposals also bind the Germans who would like to talk to the Russians about Nord Stream 2 bilaterally. It is not known, however, whether the Romanian relief came quickly enough. There is less and less time for the European elections. The fight for whether Nord Stream 2 will operate in accordance with European Union law will last until the end.

Polish footprint in Romania

Just on January 10, the inauguration of the Romanian Presidency was held at the embassy of this country in Warsaw, where Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Konrad Szymański was present.

The Foreign Ministry said that on January 9, Poland’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Jacek Czaputowicz hosted Romania. – My visit to Bucharest shows our will to develop very good bilateral relations and close cooperation with Romania within the EU and NATO – said the head of Polish diplomacy after meeting with Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs Teodor Viorel Meleşcanu. Minister Czaputowicz was the first foreign guest of the head of the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the year of the Presidency of Romania in the EU Council.

Ministers discussed current topics from the European Union agenda, including issues related to energy policy, future Multiannual Financial Framework, cohesion policy and migration policy. – We note the convergence of views on many issues with satisfaction – noted the head of Polish diplomacy quoted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. – Congratulations on taking over the presidency and we wish Romanian friends effective work and implementation of the most important goals – said Minister Czaputowicz. He also remarked that the talks showed the will of both sides to strengthen Polish-Romanian cooperation within the European Union and to seek common solutions regarding the future of the EU.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs mentions that during the discussion ministers Jacek Czaputowicz and Teodor Meleşcanu pointed to the urgent need to revise the Gas Directive. The head of the Polish Foreign Ministry expressed his conviction that it is crucial for the finalization of the Energy Union project. In this context he referred to the subject of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, stressing that this project has a negative impact on the EU gas market and is destroying EU solidarity.

Will Poles and Romanians have anything to celebrate in April, after the last session of the current European Parliament?

Artykuł The Romanian relief. The whip on Nord Stream 2 returns pochodzi z serwisu BiznesAlert EN.

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Polish Briefing: Either ambitious goals for energy, or none http://biznesalert.com/petru-teraz-energy-strategy/ http://biznesalert.com/petru-teraz-energy-strategy/#respond Mon, 14 Jan 2019 08:00:47 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2852 What goes on in Poland on the 14th of January. Petru: Either ambitious goals for energy, or none – Let us commit the government by adopting a new, responsible energy strategy – proposed the president of the Teraz! (Now!) party, Ryszard Petru. In his opinion, the share of coal in the energy mix by 2040 […]

Artykuł Polish Briefing: Either ambitious goals for energy, or none pochodzi z serwisu BiznesAlert EN.

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What goes on in Poland on the 14th of January.

Petru: Either ambitious goals for energy, or none

– Let us commit the government by adopting a new, responsible energy strategy – proposed the president of the Teraz! (Now!) party, Ryszard Petru. In his opinion, the share of coal in the energy mix by 2040 should decrease to 20 percent, and the atom should not be considered at all.

Ryszard Petru took part in the presentation of the PSL energy strategy. – If we want an energy consensus, let’s answer together whether we want to build a nuclear power plant? I believe that all of us who sit here are against it. I agree with the goals of the PSL that the share of RES in the energy mix by 2030 should amount to 50 percent, and our economy is expected to become zero-emission by 2050. Should the level of carbon in the energy mix reach 20 percent in 2040? If we do not set ambitious goals, there will be no goals. We will not be safe if we are based on coal, we will be safe if we diversify the sources of energy – he added. He proposed the adoption of a resolution that would oblige the government to adopt a specific energy mix project. He added that RES also means know-how and a chance for profits, as shown in the example of Germany.

– Energy can be a source of well-being. If we do not focus on transformation and renewable energy, we will have to buy energy from renewable sources, only more expensive and imported – he concluded.

Artykuł Polish Briefing: Either ambitious goals for energy, or none pochodzi z serwisu BiznesAlert EN.

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Crazy surgeon’s scalpel over Nord Stream 2 http://biznesalert.com/nord-stream-2-sanctions-donald-trump/ http://biznesalert.com/nord-stream-2-sanctions-donald-trump/#respond Fri, 11 Jan 2019 09:00:16 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2848 US sanctions against a Nord Stream 2 contractor would be a surgical incision affecting Russia’s interests, but less in European players involved in the project. It is not certain, however, whether Donald Trump really wants them – writes Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl. Reset in Ukraine The German Handelsblatt reported that the Americans are considering […]

Artykuł Crazy surgeon’s scalpel over Nord Stream 2 pochodzi z serwisu BiznesAlert EN.

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US sanctions against a Nord Stream 2 contractor would be a surgical incision affecting Russia’s interests, but less in European players involved in the project. It is not certain, however, whether Donald Trump really wants them – writes Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl.

Reset in Ukraine

The German Handelsblatt reported that the Americans are considering implementing sanctions against Allseas, a Swiss company dealing with the disputed Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline on the bottom of the Baltic Sea. It is to connect Germany with Russia and – according to the words of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland Jacek Czaputowicz – may “kill Ukraine”, that is to undermine its economic and political stability. The leader of the polls ahead of the presidential election Yulia Tymoshenko has already announced that she will be able to cut gas prices on the Dnieper by half. One can imagine a scenario in which it abandons socially costly reforms, but puts up by Western financial institutions, as a condition for further assistance, and asks for money for Moscow as part of a wider reset in relations despite the annexation of Crimea and Russian aggression in the east of the country.

Surgical cutting

The Americans could make a surgical incision and sanction Allseas. The Swiss are responsible for most of the tasks related to the construction of the sea section of Nord Stream 2. If they were removed from the construction site, finding a new contractor could be difficult, expensive and time-consuming. At present, the Pioneering Spirit is working on the construction of Nord Stream 2, which according to Handelsblatt is “unique”. It is 380 m long and 120 meters wide. Its construction cost, according to estimates, is three billion dollars. If the works are stopped, the ship will incur costly losses. At the same time, surgical cutting would not directly hit the Nord Stream 2 financial partners: Engie from France, BASF / Wintershall and E.on / Uniper from Germany, OMV from Austria and the British-Dutch Shell. The probable diplomatic conflict with Switzerland would remain to be solved. Perhaps the Americans are ready to bear such a cost. They did not hesitate to bear them in the case of relations with Germany or China, so it could be similar in the case of a fondue country.

It is not certain, however, whether President Donald Trump actually intends to impose sanctions on the Nord Stream 2 project. The US administration does not confirm Handelsblatt’s reports. Its official position is unchanged since at least June 2018, when BiznesAlert.pl reported that they are waiting for the movement of Europe. This one has no intention of introducing sanctions. It is possible, however, that the combined efforts of the diplomacy of the opponents of Nord Stream 2, such as Poland and the USA, are the lack of Denmark’s consent to the location of the gas pipeline in its territorial waters. It may take up to a year to change the route. The weather is also an ally of opponents of the disputed gas pipeline. Mariusz Marszałkowski writes in BiznesAlert.pl that difficult weather conditions in the Baltic can further delay the construction. Gazprom still communicates that the schedule assuming the end of work in December 2019 is not in danger.

What will Trump do?

Handelsblatt’s reports confirm that the “crazy surgeon” stands over the Nord Stream 2 operating table and can pull out the scalpel at any time. It is not known where and when it will go. In such conditions, the investment risk of financial partners from the European Union increases. In the case of a surgical incision against Allseas, the profitability of the project will be significantly jeopardized. Everyone is waiting for the Trump movement, which for the moment is focused on attempts to end the budget crisis in the country and the trade war with the US. Talks on customs for goods from China have been extended and that’s where the attention of the American administration is probably focused.

Artykuł Crazy surgeon’s scalpel over Nord Stream 2 pochodzi z serwisu BiznesAlert EN.

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Polish Briefing: The energy strategy should be brought to the ground http://biznesalert.com/czerwinski-mp-energy-strategy/ http://biznesalert.com/czerwinski-mp-energy-strategy/#respond Fri, 11 Jan 2019 08:00:05 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2850 What goes on in Poland on the 11th of January. Czerwiński: The energy strategy should be brought to the ground MP Andrzej Czerwiński from the Civic Platform, former Minister of Treasury, commented on the draft Poland’s energy strategy. – The nuclear program should not be marginalized. 6000 MW of nuclear until 2040 assumed in the […]

Artykuł Polish Briefing: The energy strategy should be brought to the ground pochodzi z serwisu BiznesAlert EN.

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What goes on in Poland on the 11th of January.

Czerwiński: The energy strategy should be brought to the ground

MP Andrzej Czerwiński from the Civic Platform, former Minister of Treasury, commented on the draft Poland’s energy strategy. – The nuclear program should not be marginalized. 6000 MW of nuclear until 2040 assumed in the previous strategy should be created. However, it was necessary to complete what we did, ie select locations, start selecting technology for it and consider financial assembly – emphasized Czerwiński.

– Everyone knows that we have a lot of coal underground. The problem is the cost of bringing it to the surface. They will grow from year to year. The mining conditions will also become more and more difficult. We will mine deeper and deeper, the danger of methane leakage will increase. Meanwhile, the extraction time per ton of coal will be extended, which will additionally increase the threat – the MP enumerated in an interview with BiznesAlert.pl.

– Assuming that the Polish Mining Group will extract 30 million tons of coal a year is a utopia. In 2017, 32 million were planned and only 30 million were extracted. In 2018, it was not even achieved – reminded Czerwiński. – We do not carry out the mining plan in the current conditions, let alone in the future?

NPP: First financing, technology and location

Meanwhile, Poland’s Energy Policy until 2040 assumes that in the energy mix there will be 60 percent of coal energy in 2030, and 30 percent in 2040. The reason is the development of nuclear energy. – I hope that public consultations will bring energy strategy to the ground. The easiest way is to say that we will do something in a few decades. Meanwhile, on the nuclear power plant team, the Ministry of Energy was not able to precisely outline the construction schedule for the coming years. There is no financing, technology or location. You must start with this.

– The nuclear program should not be marginalized. 6000 MW of nuclei until 2040 assumed in the previous strategy should be created. However, it was necessary to complete what we did, that is, choose the location, start choosing technology for it and consider financial assembly – emphasized Czerwiński in an interview with BiznesAlert.pl.

– The strategy mentions Renewable Energy Sources, but mainly offshore wind farms. Meanwhile, farms on land are the cheapest. If they do not enrich the mix in the coming years, it may turn out that there will be no money for it by spending on other sources: offshore, atom and coal. The Polish buyer is not ready to pay such a high price for energy security, especially considering the fact that there will be an alternative in the form of imports of energy from abroad – said the MP.

– The energy mix must include coal. There is nothing that can replace all carbon sources. By 2040, some part will remain. It will be 30-40 percent, but not more, because these are the realities. Renewable technologies are getting cheaper. Investing in them and energy storage is the future. We are not talking enough about demand management in Poland, that is, creating special conditions to reduce demand at the summit. The work on the smart grid for buying cheap energy in fifteen-minute intervals has been abandoned – the politician added. – Smart grid would allow the development of distributed energy, which is currently blocked, but should be an important element of the mix.

Artykuł Polish Briefing: The energy strategy should be brought to the ground pochodzi z serwisu BiznesAlert EN.

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