BiznesAlert EN https://biznesalert.com ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE ENIVRONMENT Thu, 20 Sep 2018 14:22:16 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.9.8 Clearing of anti-coal activist camps in Hambach Forest halted after journalist falls to death https://biznesalert.com/anti-coal-activists-hambach-forest/ https://biznesalert.com/anti-coal-activists-hambach-forest/#respond Thu, 20 Sep 2018 14:00:43 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2468 The government of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) has stopped the clearing of anti-coal activist camps in Hambach Forest “until further notice” after a journalist fell to his death, writes Der Tagesspiegel. “We cannot simply return to business as usual,” said NRW interior minister Herbert Reul. According to the police, a journalist broke through […]

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The government of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) has stopped the clearing of anti-coal activist camps in Hambach Forest “until further notice” after a journalist fell to his death, writes Der Tagesspiegel.

“We cannot simply return to business as usual,” said NRW interior minister Herbert Reul. According to the police, a journalist broke through a suspension bridge between two trees and fell 15 metres. He later died from his injuries. There was no police operation ongoing near the scene of the accident, according to a police statement. Clearing of the activist camps in the embattled Hambach Forest – which energy company RWE wants to cut down for the expansion of a nearby lignite mine – began on 13 September, and has overshadowed the ongoing talks in Germany’s coal exit commission.

Source: CleanEnergyWire

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Nord Stream 2 is not a sport, it is politics https://biznesalert.com/nord-stream-2-handball/ https://biznesalert.com/nord-stream-2-handball/#respond Thu, 20 Sep 2018 09:00:25 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2445 Nord Stream 2 sponsors athletes to gain in the eyes of Western societies. It does so, however, to pursue the political goals of the Kremlin, which allows a slow starving death of political prisoner Oleg Sencov, writes Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl. Nord Stream 2 has become popular again in Poland. This time due to […]

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Nord Stream 2 sponsors athletes to gain in the eyes of Western societies. It does so, however, to pursue the political goals of the Kremlin, which allows a slow starving death of political prisoner Oleg Sencov, writes Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl.

Nord Stream 2 has become popular again in Poland. This time due to the confusion caused by the fact that the handball game at the European level, in which Polish teams will be sponsored by Polish state-owned companies will be sponsored by this company. This is not the first partner in a row and it is worth citing the facts about it to a less familiar recipient.

The Nord Stream 2 company is a 100 percent operation to the Russian Gazprom. This is the main gas supplier to Poland, which in the past repeatedly surprised PGNiG with breaks or limited supplies. They ended with image and financial losses of Poles. Nord Stream 2 is also a project of the second gas pipeline from Russia to Germany that bypasses Poland, which has the potential to consolidate Gazprom’s dominance in our region, despite expenses, including Poles, to reduce dependence on this supplier in the form of a gas port and others like it.

For years, it has been pursuing a policy of warming the image with the use of patronage over sporting events, e.g. in Germany. Support for Russian capital for sport in Europe is an ethical problem and a risk of corruption, the best example of which could be the World Cup, which distracted attention from problems in Russia. It was interrupted only by a short protest by the organization Pussy Riot, whose representatives ran into the field of the Croatia-Russia match. The act was quickly removed from the vision. The controversial activities of the FIFA football federation acquire a special context in the case of the Kremlin regime. A recent symbol of West’s involvement in relations with the regime may be Vladimir Putin’s dance at the wedding of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Austria. It is also an ethical problem that can cause pathologies in various areas, ie it has a purely practical dimension. Nord Stream 2 patronage over matches is a problem for state-owned companies like PKN Orlen or Polska Grupa Energetyczna, which sponsor Polish teams. PGE Vive Kielce and Orlen Wisła Płock taking part in the EHF Velux Champions League matches will cover the Nord Stream 2 stamps during the match. A purely business conflict of interest in the industry is possible. There are no free lunches in relations with the Kremlin, I repeat it at least since 2013.

– We fully understand the difficult situation of the club in Płock. We support them and cooperate in solving this problem. This is not a favorable situation for the club itself, sponsors and, above all, fans. That is why, together, we are counting on the common-sense approach of the European Federation – says Joanna Zakrzewska, spokesman for PKN Orlen. – PGE welcomes the decision of the club to cover the Nord Stream 2 logo. In this difficult situation, the company supports and will support the PGE VIVE Kielce club. We hope that the European Federation will approach the issue of the sectoral conflict with understanding – informs PGE spokesman Maciej Szczepaniuk.

My energy interlocutors warn that information on the entry of Nord Stream 2 as an EHF sponsor was delayed. The league’s decision that clubs must promote the logo of this company was made at the end of the summer. Meanwhile, according to the regulations of the tournament information about sponsors should reach the clubs by 17 August. There are protests against combining sports games with politics.

Nord Stream 2 is pure politics that is actually a potentially profitable business for the Russian Gazprom and financial partners of the project from Western Europe. However, this is a problem for Poland and the entire European Union, because without sticking one shovel in the ground, through Russian influence in Europe, it divides and allows the Kremlin to govern the social mood of Europeans. Meanwhile, in the Russian prison, the hunger strike is continued by Oleg Sencow, a Ukrainian director and political prisoner who does not eat more than 100 days. Will we continue to stand aside?

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There is a US signal for Poland, but not what we expected https://biznesalert.com/duda-trump-energy-lng-nord-stream-2/ https://biznesalert.com/duda-trump-energy-lng-nord-stream-2/#respond Thu, 20 Sep 2018 08:00:54 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2464 The President of the United States has announced the consideration of building a permanent base in Poland. He admitted that he did not want to introduce sanctions against Nord Stream 2. Instead, Washington and Brussels are to promote energy cooperation in a new format proposed by the Americans – writes Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl. […]

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The President of the United States has announced the consideration of building a permanent base in Poland. He admitted that he did not want to introduce sanctions against Nord Stream 2. Instead, Washington and Brussels are to promote energy cooperation in a new format proposed by the Americans – writes Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl.

Fort Trump

The President of Poland Andrzej Duda called on his American counterpart to build a permanent military base on Polish territory. He suggested that it could be called “Fort Trump”. The US president said that the Poles declared their willingness to pay over USD 2 billion for the construction of the facility and that this is a proposal worth discussing. – We look at it very seriously. I know that Poland is bound to this idea and we are considering it, yes, he admitted.

Although the name of the base proposed by President Duda aroused the amusement of some commentators, in my opinion it is worth treating it as an element of the game with Donald Trump. The President of Poland made a difficult attempt to strengthen bilateral ties with an unpredictable leader. If you believe the image of his personality from the book “Fear” by the renowned journalist Bob Woodward, Donald Trump is staring at himself and naming the base project in Poland with his name may have a motivating effect on him. For this reason, I would not underestimate this play of the President of Poland. It is worth emphasizing, however, that Trump has only announced a discussion on this topic. This is an important signal for Poland.

Nord Stream 2 without US sanctions

Poland, however, waited for another declaration. Here you can talk about the disappointment of optimists who counted on the convincing the US. The American leader admitted that contrary to Poland’s expectations, America is not going to sanction the contested Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project. It is a gas connection from Russia to Germany, which is to be built by the end of 2019 and allow for a larger supply of Russian gas to Central and Eastern Europe. – We think that it is very unfortunate for the German people that Germany is paying billions of dollars annually for raw materials from Russia – he said. The presidents declared in the common position that they would continue to coordinate their efforts to “oppose energy projects threatening common security like Nord Stream 2”. Before the visit of Duda in Washington, I wrote that introducing sanctions against Nord Stream 2 is unlikely. Unfortunately, for now, the Americans do not want to introduce them.

The USA and Poland are also to support energy cooperation and diversification, “including in the nuclear sector”. This declaration is important in the absence of a decision to update the Polish Nuclear Power Program, which is expected to be completed by the end of the year. It is not known whether US companies are further interested in participating in the Polish nuclear program. Westinghouse closed its representative office in Poland due to the lack of decisions of Poles and financial problems of the company.

LNG from the USA for the Three Seas

An underestimated signal from the US appeared on the top of the Three Seas on the eve of Duda-Trump talks. Energy Secretary Rick Perry inaugurated a new initiative: the Transatlantic Partnership for Energy Cooperation. The US is to work with the European Commission to develop a regulatory framework for this cooperation. Earlier, Brussels and Washington announced efforts to develop LNG supplies from the USA to Europe. This may be the first step towards achieving this goal.

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Poland is waiting for a signal for the Three Seas from the US https://biznesalert.com/poland-duda-usa-trump-three-seas/ https://biznesalert.com/poland-duda-usa-trump-three-seas/#respond Wed, 19 Sep 2018 08:00:05 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2455 The Three Seas summit in Bucharest is under the slogan of strengthening European and transatlantic cooperation. The President of Poland will took the fruits of talks to Washington, where he talkede with Donald Trump. The themes included energy and the contested Nord Stream 2 project – says Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl. Three Seas pro-UE […]

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The Three Seas summit in Bucharest is under the slogan of strengthening European and transatlantic cooperation. The President of Poland will took the fruits of talks to Washington, where he talkede with Donald Trump. The themes included energy and the contested Nord Stream 2 project – says Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl.

Three Seas pro-UE and pro-NATO

– We are here today, because we are a part of the EU and NATO (…) Therefore, I can not imagine that the Three Seas could operate outside these borders, and even more so against these organizations and their values ​​- said the President in Bucharest. During the summit, a declaration was signed to establish a Business Forum, which is to animate the cooperation of EU countries entrepreneurs between the Adriatic, Baltic and Black Seas. The message should be positively evaluated. It would be a black scenario to present the Three Seas as an alternative to European and transatlantic integration.

A letter of intent was signed to set up the Three Seas fund, which would provide EUR 5 billion a year for regional projects selected by presidents of countries taking part in the initiative. The president stressed that the Three Seas members would succeed in strengthening the process of modernization of Central Europe. – We will do it in a bottom-up, point-based way, focusing on the subsequent stages of construction of individual investments – he said. The president’s team wants to establish business ties at the lowest level in the hope that in the undefined past they will have an effect in closer political ties between the Three Seas countries.

The Chancellery of the President informs that Poland, like other countries in the region, needs infrastructure investments. The constructed Three Seas platform is to help in their implementation – this format is a kind of presidential umbrella and an incentive for further action, both between the governments of individual countries and entrepreneurs.

The speech of the president of Austria Alexander Van der Bellen, who spoke at the Bucharest summit on diversifying the sources of gas supplies to Europe and presented Nord Stream 2, in which OMV is financially involved, spoke of the fact that the Three Seas bonds are fragile at the moment.

LNG from the USA for Poland

The president left the summit of the Three Seas to go to Washington through Warsaw, where in the evening of Polish time he would talk with the President of the United States. Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki will be in Bucharest. The topic of talks is to be energy cooperation, and therefore, among others, LNG supplies from the USA to Poland. Presidents will probably not interfere in talks about LNG between PGNiG and suppliers from North America.

Sanctions against Nord Stream 2

The topic is the threat of US sanctions against the contested Nord Stream 2 project, which is criticized by Americans and Poles. In an interview with Kommersant quoted by BiznesAlert.pl, US energy secretary Rick Perry, who was present at the Three Seas meeting, linked the possibility of introducing sanctions on whether Russia will continue to supply gas through Ukraine.

This topic is not yet resolved. It was the subject of debates of the European Commission-Ukraine-Russia, in which representatives of Gazprom were absent. This may mean that the US side will not introduce sanctions against Nord Stream 2 to be resolved in Ukraine. Before the summit, I wrote that this is unlikely. However, one can expect another signal from the side of the well-known language of the President of the United States at the meeting with Andrzej Duda. On the one hand, this is a signal that may disappoint Polish diplomacy for months seeking US involvement, on the other it is a positive signal from the point of view of the common transatlantic policy. The Americans are adapting to the line adopted by the European Commission, which counts on the system stabilizing the situation in Ukraine. It remains to be decided whether talks with Russia can lead to obtaining reliable guarantees at all. After the annexation of Crimea, it will be difficult to trust the promises of the diplomacy there.

Poland is waiting for a signal from the US

Considering the limited character of the presidential Three Seas initiative, its fruits should be positively evaluated. Collecting money together is a good introduction to the further integration of the countries in the region. The patronage of the US and the European Union is a guarantee that it will not be intercepted by forces wanting to break up Europe. There was still no breakthrough signal from the USA, which announced the President’s Chancellery before the visit of Duda in Washington. Perhaps the Polish time will appear tonight. Americans could promise financial support for the Three Seas fund – which is likely – or sanctions against Nord Stream 2 – which is less likely.

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Polish Briefing: US sanctions against Nord Stream 2 depend on transit through Ukraine https://biznesalert.com/polish-briefing-us-sanctions-against-nord-stream-2-depend-on-transit-through-ukraine/ https://biznesalert.com/polish-briefing-us-sanctions-against-nord-stream-2-depend-on-transit-through-ukraine/#respond Wed, 19 Sep 2018 07:00:25 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2457 What goes on in Poland on the 19th of September US sanctions against Nord Stream 2 depend on transit through Ukraine The potential US sanctions for the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline will be primarily related to the transit of Russian gas through the territory of Ukraine. In an interview with Kommersant, US Secretary of […]

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What goes on in Poland on the 19th of September

US sanctions against Nord Stream 2 depend on transit through Ukraine

The potential US sanctions for the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline will be primarily related to the transit of Russian gas through the territory of Ukraine. In an interview with Kommersant, US Secretary of Energy Rick Perry also stated that another reason is the “philosophical issue of a limited number of gas suppliers to Europe”.

– The Member States of the European Union are sensitive to these issues. […] In turn, countries such as Germany and probably Austria have a different position. However, the representatives of the other countries with whom I have talked want an alternative to Nord Stream 2, whether in the form of the Trans-Adriatic Gas Pipeline (TAP) or LNG from the United States – said the interlocutor of the newspaper.

In his opinion, the statement that Americans’ opposition to Nord Stream 2 is an attempt to sell larger LNG volumes to Europe is nonsense. Referring to the journalist’s remark that the capacity of TAP (10 billion cubic meters) is much lower compared to Nord Stream 2 (55 billion cubic meters), he reiterated that it should not be said that it is only about LNG.

Transit through Ukraine

He also stated that “Russia’s further steps related to the transit of gas through Ukraine are very important.” The journalist of the Russian newspaper recalled Vladimir Putin’s statement that Moscow would keep the transit through the Ukrainian corridor. However, in response, Perry replied: “We will see”. In 2014, Gazprom CEO Alexei Miller said that the company would provide the necessary volumes of supplies to Ukraine, but transit to Europe would be carried out via alternative routes, and the role of Ukraine as a transit state would fall to zero. However, after four years he denied that whenever Russia wanted to do so, and the transit could be maintained at the level of 10-15 billion cubic meters, which is still enough for the transmission capacity of Ukrainian gas pipelines at the level of over 170 billion cubic meters annually means killing them.

In an interview with Kommersant, Rick Perry also reminded that both in Germany and Austria the view prevails that the US is trying to stop Nord Stream 2 in order to take Gazprom’s share of the European gas market. According to the American secretary, “26 other European Union countries are of a different opinion” and “they want American LNG”.

The US is against Nord Stream 2

According to Peskov, Russia wants to get out of the crisis in relations with the United States, “but we will not cry if it does not meet with a similar reaction from Washington.” The United States has repeatedly emphasized its opposition to the construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. The US maintains its position that it threatens Europe’s energy security and is another tool for politicizing Russia’s gas supply. It is also worth mentioning that Washington supports Europe’s efforts to diversify sources of blue gas supply – including projects such as the Southern Gas Corridor and Baltic Pipe. They are to reduce the dependence of Europe on the supply of Russian gas.

At the end of May, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo allowed for the imposition of further sanctions that could strike Nord Stream 2 partners. Although in August 2017, US President Donald Trump signed a law that could punish any company cooperating with the Russians, did not use the possibility of imposing sanctions on entities involved in Nord Stream 2.

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PKEE: Photovoltaic panels on the waves https://biznesalert.com/pkee-energa-solar-panels/ https://biznesalert.com/pkee-energa-solar-panels/#respond Tue, 18 Sep 2018 10:00:20 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2451 Energa Wytwarzanie has started a year-long pilot project of photovoltaic panel installation on the water – the first panels were installed on the reservoir at the hydroelectric plant in Łapina. If the results of the pilot programme prove to be satisfactory, the company management will consider the possibility of a broader application of such solutions […]

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Energa Wytwarzanie has started a year-long pilot project of photovoltaic panel installation on the water – the first panels were installed on the reservoir at the hydroelectric plant in Łapina. If the results of the pilot programme prove to be satisfactory, the company management will consider the possibility of a broader application of such solutions in the future.

Energa Wytwarzanie investigates the potential of a solar farm with PV panels placed on the water. The company has begun piloting this solution on the reservoir at the hydroelectric power plant in Łapina. This is the first such solution in Poland. Floating photovoltaic power plants are located in many places around the world. Most installations of this type are built in the Far East – in China, South Korea and Japan. According to the analysis of the use of this technology in the world, moving the PV panels to water significantly increases the amount of electricity produced. Due to the fact that atmospheric conditions in Poland differ significantly from countries in which floating PVs are popular, it seems to be reasonable to check whether such a system will improve the efficiency of photovoltaic installations in our climate.

Panels placed on a structure floating on a body of water solve several problems of photovoltaics that affect the efficiency of the entire installation. It is mainly about the temperature rise of PV modules and dirt depositing on their surface. The period from May to September, the most effective in terms of solar radiation in Poland, are also the months with the highest average air temperature and the largest pollen levels. Placing the installation on the water should allow for better cooling of the PV modules, which should translate into an increase in their efficiency. In addition, there is much less dust and pollen over the water reservoirs, so the panels will stay cleaner. Thanks to this, they should produce more electricity compared to the panels installed on the ground.

“The Energa Group has an innovation strategy for 2017-2020 with a 2025+ perspective. Our companies as well as research and development units are excellent facilities for developing innovative solutions and improving the technologies – says Alicja Barbara Klimiuk, acting President of the Management Board of Energa SA. “The energy production technology we are currently testing is another proof that we are still working on optimising renewable energy production facilities. If the results of the pilot are satisfactory, then we will implement this type of solution on a larger scale. Investments in the area of innovation are one of the key activities of our Business Lines. Energa’s expenditures on research and development will systematically grow up to 2.5% of EBITDA in 2025. Innovative solutions build the company’s competitive advantage and increase its shareholder value. Energa allocates PLN 40 million annually on average for R&D.”

The company is testing a multi-kW installation. Pilot studies are to confirm the usefulness of floating solar farms in Polish climatic conditions. Tests will continue in changing weather conditions for twelve months.

“We want to test the operation of the installation during all seasons – especially in winter when icing occurs” – says Katarzyna Serdeczna, project manager at Energa Wytwarzanie SA. “The experience of other countries indicates an over 10 percent energy efficiency increase resulting from the cooling effect of water and reduction of dirt. What’s more, the increased efficiency of the panels in part comes also from the reflection of sunlight from the water surface. In addition, floating solar farms can also be equipped with solar tracking systems positioning the panels the optimal position in relation to the Sun. This can increase the amount of electricity generated by up to 20%.

PKEE

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US ambassador flags US LNG as “helpful” to German energy transition https://biznesalert.com/usa-lng-germany-energiewende/ https://biznesalert.com/usa-lng-germany-energiewende/#respond Tue, 18 Sep 2018 09:00:32 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2449 Europe and Germany should “share in America’s abundance” and cooperate with the US in energy policy by buying natural gas from America, the US ambassador to Germany, Richard Grenell, writes together with US deputy secretary of energy Dan Brouillette in a guest article in the Handelsblatt. “Governments throughout Europe have been seeking reliable – and […]

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Europe and Germany should “share in America’s abundance” and cooperate with the US in energy policy by buying natural gas from America, the US ambassador to Germany, Richard Grenell, writes together with US deputy secretary of energy Dan Brouillette in a guest article in the Handelsblatt.

“Governments throughout Europe have been seeking reliable – and diversified – sources of energy ” to ensure supply security and try to make sure “that no one country or corporation can disproportionately influence millions of Europeans,” the authors say. “The US is capable of supplying LNG, for the benefit of Germans and all Europeans,” they write, adding that liquefied natural gas (LNG) “is an ideal companion to renewables” that could bridge times of low solar and wind power output. Grenell and Brouillette stress that “America remains committed to transparent, fair, and open markets,” that their country “fully embraces the western economic system,” and that it is ready to compete with other, “more opaque suppliers.”

Source: CleanEnergyWire

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The Three Seas summit will be about the money https://biznesalert.com/three-seas-initiative-summit/ https://biznesalert.com/three-seas-initiative-summit/#respond Tue, 18 Sep 2018 08:00:04 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2447 The next summit of the Three Seas attracted so much attention, because this time there will be a serious conversation about money for Central and Eastern Europe. Will there be a declaration of co-financing from the USA? Will the Americans introduce sanctions against Nord Stream 2? – writes Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl. Three Seas […]

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The next summit of the Three Seas attracted so much attention, because this time there will be a serious conversation about money for Central and Eastern Europe. Will there be a declaration of co-financing from the USA? Will the Americans introduce sanctions against Nord Stream 2? – writes Wojciech Jakóbik, editor-in-chief of BiznesAlert.pl.

Three Seas Fund

The summit of the Three Seas Initiative in Bucharest, the capital of Romania, is taking place on 17 and 18 September. The head of the office of the President of the Republic of Poland, Krzysztof Szczerski, announced the creation of the Three Seas fund and a list of joint priority projects of the Initiative.

The Polish Press Agency states that during the Three Seas Business Forum, two documents will be signed: a declaration on the establishment of a network of chambers of commerce, the Three Seas Business Council, and a letter of intent regarding the creation of the Three Seas Fund. The cooperation is to take place in three areas: transport, energy and digitalisation.

Competition for the European Union?

After Bucharest, the Polish President will go to Washington to represent the Three Seas countries in talks on business cooperation. According to BiznesAlert.pl information, US diplomacy is to make a significant declaration on co-financing regional projects at the summit of the Three Seas. Perhaps it was the engagement of the Americans that made Germany apply for membership in the initiative.

The Germans intend to ensure that the Three Seas will not threaten the position of the European Commission in the past flooding Central and Eastern Europe with funds. It is worth recalling that there is already a list of priority projects in Europe, for example the LNG terminal in Świnoujście or the Baltic Pipe gas pipeline. The Americans can declare financial support for the development of the infrastructure with the use of the Three Seas fund. In Bucharest, energy secretary Rick Perry will be present. It will turn out who gives more.

– We can not forget that it will be impossible to succeed in the plans of the Three Seas without the EU and the United States. On the other hand, we know that the success of the Initiative will also bring tangible benefits to the Union, the USA and the entire Euro-Atlantic space. For this reason, we are very pleased with the fact of such a large group of EU and US representatives in Bucharest – said Krzysztof Szczerski quoted by PAP.

The Three Seas Initiative, depending on the development of the situation, may act reintegrating or disintegrating into the European Union. It can stop the process of creating a Europe of many speeds, or strengthen the regionalization of European policy. The US business engagement may bind the country more tightly with the region of Central and Eastern Europe despite problems in transatlantic relations, similar to the initiative of the Eastern Flank of NATO. Americans can declare financial support for the Three Seas fund and specific projects of common interest.

Not against Europe

The possible anti-European initiatives of Donald Trump’s administration should not be exceeded for Poles. The Three Seas cooperation should not aim to create a “conservative alternative” for Europe, which I wrote about in BiznesAlert.pl. Optimists expect that in Bucharest, US sanctions will be announced against participants in the contested Nord Stream 2 project. Although in my opinion this is unlikely, if the price for this declaration would be Poland’s involvement in initiatives breaking European integration, it would be too high.

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COP24 to produce a rulebook to the Paris Agreement https://biznesalert.com/cop24-bangkok-paris-agreement/ https://biznesalert.com/cop24-bangkok-paris-agreement/#respond Mon, 17 Sep 2018 09:00:59 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2441 It is “feasible” that the UN climate summit in Katowice in December (COP24) will produce an agreement on implementation guidelines (also called rulebook or work programme) to the Paris Climate Agreement, Germany’s negotiator Nicole Wilke from the environment ministry has told journalists. At the conclusion of a preparatory meeting held in Bangkok, Wilke said that […]

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It is “feasible” that the UN climate summit in Katowice in December (COP24) will produce an agreement on implementation guidelines (also called rulebook or work programme) to the Paris Climate Agreement, Germany’s negotiator Nicole Wilke from the environment ministry has told journalists.

At the conclusion of a preparatory meeting held in Bangkok, Wilke said that some parts of the text, which is to define the rules for countries to measure and report emissions, climate action, adaptation to climate change and climate finance, were already “very mature,” while others, particularly those concerning reporting on climate change mitigation, still reflected diverging views. The German delegation also expects the COP in Katowice to prompt member states to start taking stock of their current climate actions and raise their ambition to reduce global warming to well below 2°C, as set out in the Paris Agreement of 2015.

NGO Germanwatch said that one of the reasons why negotiations weren’t making faster progress was divergent approaches to the issue of climate finance. In order to ensure success in Katowice, “industrialised countries must provide for reliable climate finance so that climate change mitigation and adaptation to climate change become possible worldwide,” Germanwatch team leader for international climate policy Rixa Schwarz said.

Ministry of Evironment and Nature protection and nuclear safety of Germany/Germanwatch/CleanEnergyWire

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The Visegrad Group contribution to European security – a summary of the conference https://biznesalert.com/visegrad-group-v4-security-warsaw-institute/ https://biznesalert.com/visegrad-group-v4-security-warsaw-institute/#respond Mon, 17 Sep 2018 08:00:52 +0000 http://biznesalert.com/?p=2434 On September 10, 2018, Warsaw Institute in cooperation with the International Visegrad Fund and think tanks from Central and Eastern Europe organized an international conference. Diplomats, experts specialising in international affairs and security as well as representatives of business and media gathered at the conference. Topics such as security dimensions in the Visegrad Group, the […]

Artykuł The Visegrad Group contribution to European security – a summary of the conference pochodzi z serwisu BiznesAlert EN.

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On September 10, 2018, Warsaw Institute in cooperation with the International Visegrad Fund and think tanks from Central and Eastern Europe organized an international conference.

Diplomats, experts specialising in international affairs and security as well as representatives of business and media gathered at the conference. Topics such as security dimensions in the Visegrad Group, the impact of V4 on other European Union countries and the future of relations in the Central European region in the context of current world events and changes in the international order were discussed. The event became a unique opportunity to exchange views on the most important challenges in the V4 and EU region in the current decade.

The President of Warsaw Institute, Krzysztof Kamiński, opened the conference and presented its main topics, highlighting the importance of the discussion on security issues in Central and Eastern Europe. Then the President introduced the foreign partners of the conference: the European Values Think-Tank (the Czech Republic), the Slovak Security Policy Institute (Slovakia) and the Századvég School of Politics (Hungary).

The opening speech was delivered by Maciej Małecki, the Member of the Polish Parliament and Chairman of the Sejm Energy and Treasury Committee. In his speech, the Chairman stressed the importance of friendly relations between the Visegrad countries and the necessity to vote together on the European arena. The Chairman discussed the strategic dimensions of security in the Visegrad Group. He stressed the significance of unity, which can be observed in the context of the approach to migration policy. The Visegrad countries should coherently object to the forced relocation of refugees and the strengthening of the EU’s external borders. The following topic covered the approach to energy policy, including the strategy towards Nord Stream 2. Maciej Małecki emphasised that the key challenge for the Visegrad countries is the diversification of energy resources, the development of projects such as the North-South Corridor or the Baltic Pipe, the latter being extremely strategic from the Polish perspective. Next, the issue of defence policy was addressed. The Chairman stressed the key role of countries in increasing military capabilities and cooperation in the field of activities of the V4 military forces.

The first session, The Impact of Uncontrolled Migration Movements on Internal Security in the European Union, was led by Norbert Arok from the Századvég Foundation (Hungary). The issues of migration policy were discussed by the following experts: Norbert Tóth from the National University of Public Service (Hungary), Viktor Marsai from the Migration Research Institute (Hungary) and Tamás Péter Baranyi from the Antall József Knowledge Center (Hungary).During the discussion, threats resulting from uncontrolled migration movements in Europe were highlighted. Migration movements, which have been observed for several years, became a major threat to European identity and integration. The experts emphasized the significant impact of solidarity between the Visegrad countries on this policy and stressed the need to vote together on the forum of the European Union. It was noticed that the so-called Old Union countries impose a certain narrative on V4 countries on the approach to migration policy. The goal should be to achieve a common compromise between all 28 EU members.

The second session, Disinformation – Manipulation Methods, Neutralization and Consequences, was led by Radko Hokovský, the Founder and the long-term Director of the European Values Think-Tank (the Czech Republic). The experts discussed the following issues: the threats resulting from a spreading information war in Europe, the dangers of undesirable information proliferation, or the role of social media in the present times. The main topics were brought closer by speakers: Wojciech Kuchta from the Safe Cyberspace Foundation (Poland), Katarina Tracz from Free World Think-Tank (Sweden) and Professor Cécile Vaissié from Université Rennes 2 (France). The case of the Russian Federation which is particularly active in the spread of untrue information in European countries was discussed. It was noted that the Russians do not create new problems, but use European weaknesses. The attacks take place primarily through the use of internal disputes and warming up the temperature of political discussions, thus directly affecting the destabilization of countries, governments or even international organizations.

The third panel, Effective Defense Spending: R & D, Acquisitions and Modernization, was devoted to military cooperation in the V4 group. It was moderated by the Security Program Director, Juraj Krupa, from the Slovak Security Policy Institute (Slovakia). The experts discussed about the role of international organizations, such as NATO, in ensuring security in the Visegrad region. The need to develop a new format of joint military exercises under the V4 and the modernization of national armies, with the cooperation of national armaments sectors was highlighted. It was emphasized that the countries of the Visegrad Group have much greater defense potential when they are united. The speakers of the third panel were: Gergely Nemeth, Doctor in War Studies (Hungary), Marian Majer from the Ministry of Defense of Slovakia, Petr Bohacek from the Association for International Affairs (Slovakia) and Radko Hokovský from the European Vaules Think Tank (Czech Republic).

The last session, Activities of the Visegrad Group in the Context of the European Security, was led by Professor Tomasz Grzegorz Grosse from the University of Warsaw (Poland), who indicated that the Visegrad countries should seek to work out common levels of cooperation in the security context. The Professor emphasized that Europe is in a deep crisis, which should bring together all the countries of the region in order to effectively influence decisions made at the EU forum.

Aleksandra Rybińska, the member of the board of the Polish-German Cooperation Foundation and the expert at Warsaw Institute (Poland), analyzed the current situation on the European arena, pointing out that V4 countries are dealing with German-French domination, which should lead the Visegrad Group members to an effective response and solidarity in the region. Professor Andrzej Zybertowicz (Poland), Marcin Kędzierski from the Jagiellonian Club (Poland) and PhD Piotr Bajda from Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw (Poland) also took part in the panel. The experts addressed the topic of leadership in the Visegrad Group, marking the role of Poland as the natural leader of the organization. However, significant differences in the perception of the topic from the perspective of each Visegrad country were stressed. Dichotomy associated with a different perspective has a negative impact on the Group’s cohesion, and hence, the possibility of real influence on other countries and decisions taken at the EU level. During the discussion, the issues of the Three Seas initiative as a new concept of cooperation in the region, were widely discussed, which supported by good practices and Visegrad cooperation, can expand the sphere of security in the region of Central and Eastern Europe. It was emphasized that the solidarity of the Visegrad Group does not deny the active participation of its members in the European Union, but only strengthens the voice of our region in Europe.

The Warsaw Institute

Artykuł The Visegrad Group contribution to European security – a summary of the conference pochodzi z serwisu BiznesAlert EN.

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